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Educational Research &
EducationalTechnology Links

Citing Internet Sources

Educational Technology Links


Reciprocal Teaching

Problem Based Learning

Inferential Statistics

Using Data

Kirkpatrick Evaluation

RFP-Request For Proposals

ROI-Return On Investment

Needs Analysis


Instructional Design

OSPI--Assessment for Washington State

Technology Taxonomies

Authentic Assessment Links

Computer Ethics Links

Qualitative &Quantitative Analysis

Tech & Gender Research

Gender Bibliography

Survey Questionnaire

Educational Technology Taxonomies

Educational Technology:Media for Inquiry, Communication. Construction, and Expression
Bruce & Levin; College of Education, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Major Categories in the Taxonomy of Educational Objectives

Writing learning outcomes for the Core Curriculum



This paper presents a taxonomy of educational technology applications organized in terms of the ways they support integrated, inquiry-based learning.

Educational Technology for Engaged Learning Educational Technology enabling students to make up their own minds

Mid-continent Regional Educational Laboratory (McREL)

Instructional Design
Technology is continuing to develop at an accelerated rate, bringing new opportunities for teacher educators to share new skills and information.

The first WWW site devoted exclusively to research in instructional technology.

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Educational Technology Links

21st Century Teachers Network
Connecting Teachers With Technology
The 21st Century Teachers Network (21CT) is a nationwide, non-profit initiative of the McGuffey Project, dedicated to assisting k-12 teachers learn, use and effectively integrate technology in the curriculum for improved student learning.

American Association of University Women

AT&T Virtual Classroom
The AT&T Virtual Classroom is a free online educational program for primary and secondary schools around the world.

The Association for Educational Communications & Technology (AECT)

CEO Forum Home page
The CEO Forum on Education and Technology was founded in the fall of 1996 to helpensure that America's schools effectively prepare all students to be contributing citizens and productive workers in the 21st Century. To meet this objective, the Forum technology into American classrooms through the year 2000.

Community Learning Network
Welcome to the Community Learning Network WWW home page. CLN is designed to help K-12 teachers integrate technology into their classrooms. We have over 265 menu pages with more than 5,800 annotated links to free resources on educational WWW sites -- all organized within an intuitivestructure.

CONCORD Newsletter Fall 1999
Information technologies, used in creative, intelligent ways, will revolutionize teaching and learning. TheConcord Consortium is dedicated to furthering this revolution worldwide through innovations in hardware,software, learning environments, curricula, and institutions. We are a nonprofit, research and development organization.

Converge Magazine
Integrating Technology into Education

EDC/Center for Children & Technology!

Educational Research
The links on this page provide specialized information about instructional development, curriculum theory, and instructional design.

Educational Research Sites
Links to Government/politics; Ed amdinistration; Ed Tech; Ed Planning; and Distance Learning

Educational Technology for Schools
From Now On Ed Tech Journal jamieMckenzie Educational Technology for Engaged Learning Educational Technology enabling studentsto make up their own minds.

Educational Technology Development Center
Washington State--Clancy Wolf

Educational Testing Service Network
This is a website for educators. This site provides a synthesis of national research into the uses of technology in education. ENC Online
Eisenhower National Clearinghouse for Mathematics and Science Education.

Eric Links
Library and Information Links; Ed Tech Links

Federal Resources for Educational Excellence - Home Page
Links to many good Ed. Tech Sites. Hundreds of education resources supported by agencies across the U.S. Federal government are now easier to find.

George Lucas
The George LucasEducational Foundation:Telling the Stories of Education.

Generation www.Y - World Wide Horizons for Youth
Federally Funded Challenge Grant.

Institute for Research on Learning
IRL he Institute for Research on Learning (IRL) was founded in 1987 as a response to the escalating learning crisis in the United States.IRL's mandate, to "rethink learning" (IRL's 7 Principles) addresses the root cause of this crisis--a limited understanding of succcessful everyday learning. Our research-in-action approach takes us beyond thinking to doing--to a set of tools, methods and technologies that enable us to bring about effective change.

ISTE--International Society For Technology in Education
Our mission is to help K&endash;12 classroom teachers and administrators share effective methods for enhancing student learning through the use of new classroom technologies.

ISTE Resources and Projects including Rubrics
ISTE Resources and Links

Dedicated to improving individual and organizational performance in the workplace for more than 37 years.

ITEA--Technology Education Resources

Journal of Technology Education

Literacy and Technology
Welcome to the Literacy and Technology Web Site. This site was created by Dr. Joyce Hinkson, an educator from California, to assist teachers, students, parents and others, with the integration of curriculum and the Internet to promote student literacy.

Milken Exchange on Education Technology
The Milken Exchange was formed in 1997 as part of the Milken Family Foundation's commitment to promoting responsible uses of education technology in schools.

NCATE--National Council For Accreditation Of Teacher Education
NCATE is the profession's mechanism to help establish high quality teacher preparation. Through the process of professional accreditation of schools, colleges and departments of education, NCATE works to make a difference in the quality of teaching and teacher preparation today, tomorrow, and for the next century.

The mission of the National Institute for Community Innovations is to foster local economic and social well-being through educational innovation, especially in economically distressed communities.

Resources for Teaching and Research

Researching The Web
These links are to various sites and search engines that should help you as you search for information about educational topics on the WorldWide Web.

Resources In Educational Technology
Most of these sites deal with issues involved in utilizing computer technology in curriculum and instruction. A few are links to specificschools or educational programs.

Ron MacKinnon's Educational Bookmarks
Lesson Plans and Resources.

TA Publications
U.S. Department of Commerce.

Technology in the Classroom -- 10 Tips
Technology in the Classroom -- 10 Tips Most school districts are plugged into computers, but not necessarily into how they can best use them.

The Encyclopedia of Educational Technology

The Ten Best Web Sites Educational Technology--As picked by Jamie McKenzie

Serving educators with ideas, tools, and resources for integrating technology into the K-12 school, classroom and curriculum.

T.H.E. Journal Online: Technology Horizons in Education

Virtual PDS Consortium
The U.S. Department of Education awarded a five-year $9.9 million grant, starting in October 1998, to NICI and a national coalition of partners to assist 30 professional development school partnerships to continuously improve K-12 student learning results by simultaneously strengthening theabilities of current and future teachers to use technology effectively in K-12 classooms.

North Central ESD Web Page dealing with Virtual Professional Development.

The WebQuest Page
This site is designed to serve as a resource to those who are using the WebQuest model to teach with the web. By pointing to excellent examples and collecting materials developed to communicate the idea, all of us experimenting with WebQuests will be able to learn from each other.

Las Americas Film Network

U.S. Department of Education-Office of Educational Research & Improvement

Regional Educational Laboratories


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Partnership For Learning
In Washington state, a major effort is under way to raise academic standards in public schools and to improve student achievement. Raising our own expectations is the first step to getting children to raise theirs. Washington's new standards for student learning make clear - for the first time - what exactly students are expected to know and be able to do by the time they graduate and at key points in their academic careers.

Critical Thinking Primary & Secondary Information
The Center for Critical Thinking has created a wealth of information including instructional guides and lesson plans to help educaTtors implement Critical Thinking in every aspect of their teaching.

Using Data

Ask Eric

Eric Clearinghouse


Analyzing Quantitative Data Information & Technology

Data Collection, Analysis, and Use The Education Trust

Data Research
The goal of this resource is to provide access to materials for thinking about, conducting, and teaching research methods as used in applied social/psychological/educational disciplines. Resources here are organized into several broad areas outlined below.

Resources for learning more about data analysis

Web Sites for Educational Computers revised 9/99

Educational Research and Statistics Valuable Web Sites &
http://www.mhhe.com/socscience/education/books.htm Intro/Foundations of Education ,Educational Administration and Supervision ,Educational Psychology ,Educational Research and Statistics ,Teaching Methods/Subject Area Resources ,Measurement and Evaluation ,Student Diversity and Exceptionalities .Guidance and Counseling General Interest

Statistics Education Duke University

Sources of Data

Michael Barndt's Home Page
As a part of a one year sabbatical, a variety of Internet projects are underway at this site. All explore the potential of Internet as a tool for local communities and nonprofit organizations. Some are general efforts to make Internet more accessible for serious use. Some are very specific to neighborhood GIS work developed in Milwaukee over the past four years. Most importantly, this material is posted to encourage communication with those of you who are doing similar work. Please leave comments, suggestions and a description of your work.

The Globally Accessible Statistical Procedures
Initiative is designed to make statistical routines easily available via the WWW.

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Authentic Assessment Links

Annenberg Institute for School Reform
The Annenberg Institute for School Reform at Brown University seeks to nurture, promote and sustain a comprehensive, nationwide school reform movement. It bears the name of its principal benefactor, Ambassador Walter H. Annenberg.

Authentic Assessment Bibliographies
This is a selected list of journal articles, newsletters, books and videos on authentic assessment. These articles are available to memebers of the Santa Clara County Office of Education. Check with the professional library in your local county office to locate full text.

ASCD/Educational Leadership

* Using Work Samplings in Authentic Assessments, by Samuel J. Meisels.

* On Surfing--and Steering--the 'Net: Conversation with Clifford Stoll by John O'Neil


Educational Issues Series Performance Assessment

Understanding Authentic Classroom-Based Literacy Assessment
"The goal of assessment has to be, above all, to support the improvement of learning and teaching." (Frederikson & Collins, 1989)

Northwest Regional Educational Laboratory
Assessment Information

The Case for Authentic Assessment. ERIC Digest.,
Wiggins, Grant From the ERIC database The Case for Authentic Assessment.

Readings On Authentic Assessment
Links to a large number of readings.

Internet Resources on Student Assessment
The FINE Foundation's mission is to improve teaching and learning in Iowa classrooms through the use of educational research.


Traditional Training versus Performance Support

A Basic Rubric for Evaluation of Performance Support Systems

Performance-Based Testing - The Next Major Advance in Assessment

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Constructivism In Education

In the Constructivist theory the emphasis is placed on the learner or the student rather than the teacher or the instructor. It is the learner who interacts with objects and events and thereby gains an understanding of the features held by such objects or events. The learner, therefore, constructs his/her own conceptualizations and solutions to problems. Learner autonomy and initiative is accepted and encouraged.

Constructivists view learning as the result of mental construction. Students learn by fitting new information together with what they already know. People learn best when they activle construct their own understanding.

In constructivist thinking learning is also affected by the context and the beliefs and attitudes of the learner. Learners are encouraged to invent their own solutions and to try out dieas and hypotheses. They are given the opportunity to build on prior knowledge.

University of Colorado at Denver School of Education
Constructivism Definitions readings and links

Thinking and Learning Skills
Learning to Learn is for learners, teachers, and researchers. It teaches the value of self-awareness as a critical part of learning.

CONSTRUCTIVISM From Philosophy to Practice


Constructivism and Teaching - The socio-cultural context- Barbara Jaworski

Instructional Design & Learning Theory

Constructivism Web Pages

Vygotsky and Education: The Sociocultural Genesis of Dialogic Thinking in Classroom Contexts for Open-Forum

Vygotsky's Distinction Between Lower and Higher Mental Functions and Recent Studies on Infant Cognitive Development

Appalachian State -- Vygotsky Learning Construction Zone

Net Teach Listing of Teaching and Learning on the Internet --
Martin Ryder, University of Colorado at Denver School of Education

Self Study List --
Meaningful Learning Reseach Group

Beyond the Individual-Social Antimony in Discussions of Piaget and Vygotsky --
by Michael Cole, University of California,

PC is to Piaget as WWW is to Vygotsky --
Paper Delivered at SIGGRAPH '95, Los Angeles by Robert Edgar

Institute for Learning Technologies-
Educators using technologies to advance equity, knowledge and education

Constructivism Links

Constructivism Web Pages

Constructivist Classrooms

Constructivism and Related Sites

Constructivism: From philosophy to practice

Essays on constructivism and education

Constructionist Learning Theory

Learning, Cognition, Education, Training, etc.

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Reciprocal Teaching

Reciprocal Teaching is an instructional strategy for teaching strategic reading developed by Annemarie Sullivan Palincsar that takes place in the form of a dialogue between teachers and students. In this dialogue the teacher and students take turns assuming the role of teacher in leading the dialogue about a passage of text. Four strategies are used by the group members in the dialogue: summarizing, question generating, clarifying, and predicting. At the start the adult teacher is principally responsible for initiating and sustaining the dialogue through modelling and thinking out loud. As students acquire more practice with the dialogue, the teacher consciously imparts responsibility for the dialogue to the students, while becoming a coach to provide evaluative information and to prompt for more and higher levels of participation.

Reciprocal Teaching

Reciprocal Teaching

Comprehension Reciprocal Teaching: An Effective Pathway to Reading

Reciprocal Collaborative Teaching



Tutorial teaching and tertiary material

The teaching units: "ATOMs"

Small unit size is important

True reciprocal collaborative teaching

Staff development and the role of the remote expert




The Gateway to Educational Materials
Links to Activities and Lesson Plans


Reciprocal collaborative teaching in MANTCHI

Resources for Language Arts and Reading Research

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 Problem Based Learning

The Problem-Based Learning Pathway is ideal for students who:

Are self-directed;
Are comfortable with flexibility and ambiguity in their learning goals; Learn best through reading and discussion; and
Want a strong clinical context for their learning.

PBL Problem-Based Learning Home Page

Problem Based Learning University of Deleware
Links for Undergraduate, Medical School, K-12

Problem-based Learning, especially in the context of large classes

Problem-Based Learning (PBL)
Author: Carl Cuneo

What is Problem Based Learning?

The Problem Log
PDF Files with information on PBL

Problem-Based Learning Sites

Problem-Based Learning @ Lanphier Curriculum Center

Welcome to the Center for PBL Research and Communications Home Page

Welcome to the PBL Web Page At Ohio State U.
(Click on Public Access)

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Inferential Statistics

With inferential statistics, you are trying to reach conclusions that extend beyond the immediate data alone. For instance, we use inferential statistics to try to infer from the sample data what the population might think. Or, we use inferential statistics to make judgments of the probability that an observed difference between groups is a dependable one or one that might have happened by chance in this study. Thus, we use inferential statistics to make inferences from our data to more general conditions; we use descriptive statistics simply to describe what's going on in our data.

Inferential Statistics

Inferential statistics

Descriptive vs. Inferential Statistics

Inferential statistics:
Refer to a wide array of procedures that are used to make inferences beyond the particular set of data that one has collected. with HotLinksv

Lecture Notes for Inferential Statistics
I thought it would be good for you to have some additional reference material available online.

Descriptive statistics deal with the characteristics of the available data. Inferential statistics are concerned with extending any conclusions beyond the immediately available data.

Descriptive Statistics

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Kirkpatricki--Four Levels of Evaluation

Best Practices Resources
Lots of Links

A Model For Program Evaluation

Glossary Of Terms

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RFP-Request For Proposals

Arizona Learning Systems


ROI-Return On Investment

Although the interest in return-on-investment (ROI) has heightened and much progress has been made in understanding and calculating ROI, it is still an issue that challenges even the most sophisticated and progressive training and human resource development departments.

Level 5 Evaluation: Return-on-Investment

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Needs Analysis

Known by different terms: Needs assessment. front-end analysis, pre-training analysis information gathering--use to analyze a performance problem, or support introduction of new skills & knowledge. Answers questions of who, what, when, where (but not how).


Capitol-Net Project
Capitol-Net will assist in preparing students for their life and work in the 21st Century, a need that has been embodied in state and national goals and benchmarks.

Technology Planning Needs Assessment

A Best Page Of Educational Links

EPI Center Education Process Improvement Web-Based Improvement

Educational Journal Listing

Instructional Design Models
"Design Process" which can also be read "problem-solving process.

Instructional-Design Theories Home Page

Instructional Design Links

Instructional Design Web Resources

The Instructional Design Process

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Instructional Design
and Performance Improvement


Instructional Design of Learning Materials  

Instructional Design Bibliography

Instructional Design Models

Instruction Theory and Design Resources
Scott's Research library--good links library.

Instructional Design Models (Includes Rapid Prototyping)

Bookmarks for Instructional Development

Selecting Instructional Design Models

The Instructional Design Process
Course design and good information on Instructional Design. (Class taught at Kent State)

Instructional Design Resources
Excellent resource page.

Welcome to Principles of Instructional Design

Principles of Instructional Design and Adult Learning Instructional Design of Learning Materials

"ADDIE" model
A simplified example of a structured method is the "ADDIE" model (Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation, and Evaluation).Care is taken to make a "best fit" in selecting the delivery media appropriate to employ for the specific circumstances, to include the anticipated installed life of the system and its expected evolution.

Overview of instructional design
The purpose of my trailblazer page is to provide some links that I believe will give the reader a good overview of instructional design. This site is designed to provide a novice or student reader some of the basics of Instructional Design, including what instructional designers do, the models they use, and the theories behind the discipline.

Instructional Design: An Overview

Computer Based Training ADDIE Model
Emotional Intelligence The obvious fact is that our social life has undergone a thorough and radical change. If our education is to have any meaning for life, it must pass through an equally complete transformation (Dewey, 1915).


 Assure Model

Diagram of the Assure Model of Learning


Multiple Intelligences | Communication | What Do We Remember?


Citation Guide for Internet Sources

A Brief Citation Guide for Internet Sources in History and the Humanities

Guide for Citing Electronic Information

APA Publication Style Links

Style Sheets for Citing Internet Resources: MLA, APA, Turabian

Citing Internet Sources


Evaluating and Citing Internet Sources:

Citing Internet Sources: Selected Proposals for APA Style

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Qualitative & Quantitative Anyalysis

Qualitative analysis is an area of AI research attempting to model the everyday, qualitative, non-numerical reasoning humans use to estimate (the range of) possible solutions to some real-world problems, especially in the case of inexact or incomplete data. The qualitative reasoning is also a necessary foundation of the quantitative knowledge engineers use in their understanding and construction of physical systems or structures.

What is Qualitative Data Analysis?
Qualitative analysis techniques are the methods used for study of "ordinary information": the rich narrative of people talking, the field notes or videos of people at work and play, the "write-ins" on questionnaires that escape the straitjacket of statistics, the layered brilliance of a great novel's many meanings. From the schoolchild's essay based on textbook readings, to the
subtlety of the sociologist's analysis of long conversations, qualitative analysis is practised everywhere, an indispensible part of human thinking.

What Can I Do With Qualitative Analysis?
Today, it is more a question of what cannot be done with qualitative analysis. Properlysupported by rigorous methods, qualitative research offers powerful and innovative techniques for exploration and discovery from unstructured information without oversimplifying it or losing its complexity and context. QDA techniques are used in many forms by social scientists, historians, literary critics, health researchers, business and market analysts, legal researchers, and others.

Qualitative Analysis: what's that?

Qualitative Research Web Sites

Welcome to QualPage: resources for qualitative researchers

What is Qualitative Data Analysis?

Qualitative Research in Education Home Page